Russia proposes March 1 ceasefire in Syria; US wants it now
The talk of new ceasefire plans comes as the U.S., Russia and more than a dozen other countries meet in Munich to try to halt five years of civil war in the Arab country.
Russia has proposed a March 1 ceasefire in Syria, U.S. officials said on Wednesday, but Washington believes Moscow is giving itself and the Syrian government three weeks to try to crush moderate rebel groups.
The United States has countered with demands for the fighting to stop immediately, the officials said. Peace talks are supposed to resume by February 25.
The talk of new ceasefire plans comes as the U.S., Russia and more than a dozen other countries meet in Munich to try to halt five years of civil war in the Arab country. The conflict has killed more than a quarterâ€”million people, created Europeâ€™s biggest refugee crisis since World War II and allowed the Islamic State to carve out its own territory across parts of Syria and neighbouring Iraq.
Russia says it is supporting Syrian President Bashar Assadâ€™s government as part of a counterterrorism campaign. But the West says the majority of its strikes are targeting moderate groups that are opposed to Assad and the Islamic State.
The most recent Russianâ€”backed offensive, near Aleppo, prompted opposition groups to walk out of peace talks last month in Geneva, while forcing tens of thousands of civilians to flee toward the Turkish border.
The U.S. officials werenâ€™t authorized to speak publicly about private diplomatic discussions in the runâ€”up to the Munich conference and demanded anonymity. One said the U.S. canâ€™t accept Russiaâ€™s offer because opposition forces could suffer irreversible losses in northern and southern Syria before the ceasefire ever takes hold.
The officials said the U.S. counterproposal is simple- A ceasefire that is effective immediately and is accompanied by full humanitarian access to Syriaâ€™s besieged civilian centers.
Secretary of State John Kerry, who arrived in Germany on Wednesday, had talks planned late in the evening with U.N. peace envoy Staffan de Mistura and Adel alâ€”Jubeir, the Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia, a key backer of Syriaâ€™s rebel groups.
The Obama administration has been trying for months to clinch a ceasefire and pave the way for a transition government in Syria that would allow parties to the conflict to concentrate on defeating the threat posed by the Islamic State and the al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front.
But after having long demanded Assadâ€™s ouster, the shift in the U.S. focus to combating terrorism has resulted in a confusing mix of priorities and a layered strategy in Syria that few understand, and even fewer see working. Beyond Russia, the administration has often struggled to keep its own allies such as Turkey and Saudi Arabia in line.
â€œWe will approach this meeting in Munich with great hopes that this will be a telling moment,â€ Mr. Kerry said on Tuesday in Washington. His peace push coincides with Defence Secretary Ash Carterâ€™s attendance at a gathering in Brussels to hash out military options with NATO partners.
Brett McGurk, the Obama administrationâ€™s pointâ€”man for defeating the Islamic State, said Russiaâ€™s Aleppo offensive was having the perverse effect of helping the extremists by drawing local fighters away from the battle against IS and to the war against Syriaâ€™s government.
â€œWhat Russiaâ€™s doing is directly enabling ISIL,â€ Mr. McGurk told the House Foreign Affairs Committee in Washington.
But the panelâ€™s top Democrat echoed some of the frustration of his Republican colleagues with the larger U.S. strategy.
â€œIt seems as if weâ€™re only half-heartedly going after ISIS, and half-heartedly helping the (rebel) Free Syria Army and others on the ground,â€ said Rep. Eliot Engel, Democratâ€”New York. He urged a â€œrobust campaign, not a tentative one, not one that seems like weâ€™re dragging ourselves in … to destroy ISIS and get rid of Assad.â€
Mr. Kerry emphasized on Tuesday that U.S. officials â€œare not blind to what is happening.â€ He said the Aleppo battle makes it â€œmuch more difficult to be able to come to the table and to be able to have a serious conversation.â€
But the U.S. has staked its hopes for an end to the fiveâ€”year civil war in Syria on the peace talks and Assadâ€™s eventual departure, saying the American public has no appetite for a military solution.
To that end, Washington has tempered its calls dating back to August 2011 for Assad to immediately leave power. And to get Russia on board, it now wonâ€™t even say that Assad should be barred from running for reâ€”election if and when a new Syrian constitution is drafted.
The ambiguity has emboldened Assadâ€™s supporters, Russia and Iran, while upsetting American allies in the Middle East, who are frustrated by a process that appears to lock the Syrian leader in place well into 2017 and perhaps beyond.